Rajasthan

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Particulars Description
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Area
3,42,239 sq. km
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Population
6,86,21,012 *
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Capital
Jaipur
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Principal Languages
Hindi và Rajasthani

History và Geography

Rajasthan, area-wise the largest State in India area-wise prior to lớn Independence was known as Rajputamãng cầu. The Rajputs, a martial community ruled over this area for centuries.

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The history of Rajasthan dates baông xã to the pre-historic times. Around 3,000 và 1,000 BC, it had a culture akin to that of the Indus Valley civilisation. The Chauhans who dominated Rajput affairs from seventh century and by 12th century they had become an imperial power. After the Chauhans, the Guhilots of Mewar controlled the destiny of the warring tribes. Besides Mewar, the other historically prominent states were Marwar, Jaipur, Bundi, Kota, Bharatpur và Alwar. Other States were only offshoots of these. All these States accepted the British Treaty of Subordinate Alliance in 1818 protecting the interest of the princes. This naturally left the people discontented.

After the revolt of 1857, the people united themselves under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi to lớn contribute khổng lồ the freedom movement. With the introduction of provincial autonomy in 1935 in British India, an agitation for civil liberties và political rights became stronger in Rajasthan. The process of uniting scattered States commenced from 1948 to lớn 1956 when the States Reorganisation Act was promulgated. First came Matsya Union (1948) consisting of a fraction of states, then, slowly & gradually other states merged with this Union. By 1949, Major States lượt thích Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur & Jaisalmer joined this Union making it the United State of Greater Rajasthan. Ultimately in 1958, the present State of Rajasthan formally came inkhổng lồ being, with Ajmer state, the Abu Road Taluka và Sunel Tappa joining it.

The entire western flank of the State borders with Pakischảy, while Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh và Madhya Pradesh bound Rajasthan in north-east, south-east và Gujarat in south-west.

Agriculture

Total cultivable area in the State is 219.46 lakh hectares. and estimated food grain production was 123.59 lakh tones in the year 2009-10. Estimated total cultivated area in the State was 245.38 lakh hectare & estimated food grain production was 201.45 lakh tonnes in the year 2010-11. Principal crops cultivated in the State are rice, barley, jowar, millet, maize, gram, wheat, oilseeds, pulses & cốt tông. Cultivation of vegetables & citrus fruits such as orange and Malta has also picked up over last few years. Red chillies, mustard, cumin seeds, Methi and Hing are commercial crops of the State.

Industry & Minerals

Endowed with a rich culture, Rajasthan is also rich in minerals and is fast emerging on the industrial scenario of the country. Some of the important Central undertakings are Zinch Smelter Plant at Devari (Udaipur), Copper Plant at Khetri Nagar (Jhunjhunu) và Precision Instrument Factory at Kota. Small-scale industrial units numbering 3.49 lakh with a capital investment of Rs.12552.50 crore provide employment khổng lồ about 14.90 lakh persons in the States as on March 2011. Major industries are textiles and woolens, engineering good, Electronic items, Autothiết bị di động, food processing, Gems and Jewellery, Cement, Marble slabs and tiles, glass, Oxygen, Zinh, fertilizers, railway wagons, ball bearings, water và electrithành phố metres, sulphuric acid, handicraft items, television sets, synthetic yarn, Ceramic, Insulator, Stainless steel, Re-rolling, Steel Foundry and insulting bricks. Besides, precious & semi-precious stones, caustic sodomain authority, calcium carbide, nylon and tyers, etc. are other important industrial units.

Rajasthan has rich deposits of zinc concentrates, emerald, granite, gypsum, silver ore, asbestos, feldspar and mica. The State also abounds in Export Promotion Industrial Park of country has been established và made operational at Sitapura (Jaipur), Borandomain authority (Jodhpur) and Bhiwandi (Alwar). Inlvà Container Depots have sầu established in Jaipur, Bhilwara, Jodhpur, and Bhiwandi (Alwar) to lớn promote the exporters. Special Economic Zone for Gems and Jewellery at Sitapur (Jaipur) and for Handicrafts at Boranadomain authority (Jodhpur) have sầu been established, and multipurpose special Economic Zone "Mahendra World City" has been established in PPPhường Model at Jaipur.

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Irrigation

By the kết thúc of March 2011 irrigation potential of 37.51 lakh hectare was created in the State through various major, medium và minor irrigation projects . During the year 2010-11 (up khổng lồ March, 2010-11) additional irrigation potential of 38,444 hectares (including IGNP) was created.

Power

The installed power capathành phố in the State has become 9188.22MW up to March, 2011 of which 4097.35 MW is produced from the State owned projects, 972.92MW from collaboration projects, 2240.23 MW from the allocation from Central power generating stations, 1607.70 MW from Wind, Solar và Biomas Projects and 270 MW from Private Sector Projects.

Transport

Roads: The total length of roads was 1,88,534 km as in March, 2011.

Railways: Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner, Kota, Sawai Madhopur và Bharatpur and Udaipur are main Railway junctions of State. Total length of Railway line is 5683.01 Km. in the State as on March, 2008.

Aviation: All eminent cities are connected with Jaipur airport under domestic air services in which Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Pune và Guwahati are important domestic air services. International air services are also available for Dubai, Mascutt and Sharjah from Jaipur airport.

Festivals

Rajasthan is a land of festivals & fairs, besides the national festivals of Holi, Deepawali, Vijayadashmày, Christmas, etc., birth anniversaries of gods and goddesses, saintly figures, folk heroes và heroines are celebrated. Important fairs are Teej, Gangaur (Jaipur), annual Urs of Ajmer Sharif và Galiakot, tribal KumBH of Beneshwar (Dungarpur), Mahaveer fair at Shrimahavirji in Sawai Madhopur, Ramdeora (Jaisalmer), Janbheslwari fair(Mukam-Bikaner), Kartik Poornima & Cattle Fair (Pushkar-Ajmer) and Shyamji Fair(Sikar), etc.

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Tourist Centres

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Hawa Mahal, Jaipur

Jaipur, Jodhpur,Udaipur, Bikaner, Mount Abu (Sirohi), Ranthambore National Park (Tiger Reserve), in Sawai Madhopur, Sariska Tiger Sanctuary in Alwar, Keoladeo National Park at Bharatpur, Ajmer, Jaisalmer, Pali và Chittorgarh, Bundi, Kota, Jhalawar and Shekhawati are important places of tourist interests in the State.


Chuyên mục: Giải trí