Jacqueline kennedy onassis

Growing Up

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born on July 28, 1929, in Southampton, Thủ đô New York. Her father, John, was a wealthy stockbroker on Wall Street whose family had come from France in the early 1800s. Her mother, Janet, had ancestors from Ireland và Engl&.

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Janet Bouvier was an accomplished rider, and Jackie was only a year old when her mother first put her on a horse. By age 11, she had already won several national championships. The Thành Phố New York Times wrote in 1940:

Jacqueline Bouvier, an eleven-year-old equestrienne from East Hampton, Long Islvà, scored a double victory in the horsemanship competition. Miss Bouvier achieved a rare distinction. The occasions are few when a young rider wins both contests in the same show.

Jackie also enjoyed reading. Before she started school, she had read all the children’s books on her bookshelves. Her heroes were Mowgli from Rudyard Kipling"s The Jungle Book, Robin Hood, Little Lord Fauntleroy’s grandfather, Scarlett O"Hara from Gone With the Wind, và the poet Byron. Mrs. Bouvier wondered if Jackie might one day be a writer.

Going khổng lồ School

After kindergarten, Jackie started first grade at Miss Chapin’s School on East End Avenue in Thành Phố New York. One of her teachers, Miss Platt, thought Jackie was "a darling child, the prettiest little girl, very clever, very artistic, & full of the devil." At times she did get inlớn mischief and would be sent lớn the headmibức xúc, Miss Ethel Stringfellow, who wrote on her report card: "Jacqueline was given a D in Form because her disturbing conduct in her geography class made it necessary khổng lồ exclude her from the room."

When Jackie was ten years old, her parents divorced. It was a difficult period for her, especially because at the time few children had divorced parents. She also came from a Catholic family, and the Catholic Church disapproves of divorces. Jackie had always been a private person, but now she became still quieter, keeping her thoughts to herself.


Despite these hard times, Jackie had many advantages và opportunities in life. She took classical ballet lessons in the old Metropolitan Opera House. She began taking lessons in French. In 1942, when Jackie was about lớn turn thirteen, her mother married a businessman named Hugh Auchincloss who had children from previous marriages. Besides her younger sister, Lee, Jackie now had two stepbrothers, Yusha and Tommy, & a stepsister, Nimãng cầu.

In June 1947, Jackie graduated from Miss Porter’s School, a boarding school for girls in Connecticut. She continued her education at Vassar College in New York, where she studied history, literature, art, & French. Jackie spent her junior year studying abroad in Paris, France. She lived with the de Renty family at 76 Avenue Mozart. Madame de Renty had two daughters, Claude & Ghislaine, and one four-year-old son, Christian. Jackie later wrote about her experience:

I loved it more than any year of my life. Being away from home page gave sầu me a chance khổng lồ look at myself with a jaundiced eye. I learned not khổng lồ be ashamed of a real hunger for knowledge, something I had always tried lớn hide, & I came trang chính glad lớn start in here again but with a love for Europe that I am afraid will never leave sầu me.

She returned lớn the United States to finish up her last year of college, transferring from Vassar College to lớn The George Washington University because she preferred being in the city and cthua trận lớn her family.

Jacqueline Bouvier: The Inquiring Photographer

Jacqueline started her first job in the fall of 1951 as the "Inquiring Camera Girl" for the Washington Times-Herald newspaper. Roving around the city, she took pictures of people she encountered, asked them questions on the issues of the day, & wove sầu their answers inkhổng lồ her newspaper column. Aý muốn those she interviewed for her column was Richard M. Nixon. She also covered the first inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower và the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.

During this time, Jacqueline met John F. Kennedy, who was a congressman và soon khổng lồ be elected senator from Massachusetts. On September 12, 1953, they married at St. Mary’s Church in Newport, Rhode Islvà. After their honeymoon in Mexico, the Kennedys returned lớn Washington DC. Early on in their marriage, Senator Kennedy suffered crippling pain in his bachồng from football & wartime injuries và had two operations. While recovering from surgery, Mrs. Kennedy encouraged hyên ổn to write a book about several US senators who had risked their careers lớn fight for the things they believed in. The book, called Profiles in Courage, was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1957. That same year, the Kennedys’ first child, Caroline, was born.

In January 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy announced his candidacy for the presidency of the United States. He began traveling all around the country and Jacqueline often accompanied hyên ổn. During the chiến dịch, she learned that she was pregnant & her doctors instructed her lớn remain at trang chủ. From there, she answered hundreds of chiến dịch letters, taped TV commercials, gave interviews, and wrote a weekly newspaper column, "Campaign Wife," which was distributed across the country. On November 8, 1960, John F. Kennedy beat Republican Richard M. Nixon in a very cthua trận race. Two and-a-half weeks later, Mrs. Kennedy gave birth to their second child, John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr.

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Jacqueline Kennedy: First Lady of the United States

On January đôi mươi, 1961, John Fitzgerald Kennedy took the oath of office khổng lồ become the nation"s 35th president. At age 31, Jacqueline Kennedy was the first lady. With her gracious personal style & her passion for history & the arts, she worked hard khổng lồ be worthy of her new role. While she had a deep sense of obligation to lớn her country, her first priorities were to lớn be a good wife to her husband & mother lớn her children. She told a reporter that "if you bungle raising your children, I don"t think whatever else you do well matters very much."

Restoring the White House

Mrs. Kennedy soon phối about making the White House into lớn a real trang chính for her family. She turned the sun porch on the third floor into a kindergarten school for Caroline and 12 khổng lồ 15 other children, who came every morning at 9:30. There was also a swimming pool, a swing mix, and a tree house on the White House lawn for Caroline và John Jr.


Mrs. Kennedy also thought about what the Nhà Trắng represented lớn its many visitors và to lớn citizens everywhere. She wanted people to lớn have sầu a greater appreciation of the history of America"s most famous residence and its past inhabitants. Her first major project as first lady was lớn restore và preserve the White House nhà trắng. She enlisted the aid of many experts, established a White House nhà trắng Fine Arts Committee, & created the post of White House curator. Gathering outstanding examples of American art and furniture from around the United States (including many items that had belonged to lớn former presidents and their families), she restored all the public rooms in the White House nhà trắng. CBS Television asked Mrs. Kennedy to present a televised tour of the newly restored White House. Eighty million Americans watched the broadcast, and it earned Jacqueline Kennedy an honorary Emmy Award.

Promoting the Arts

The Kennedys brought a new, youthful spirit to the White House, which they believed should be a place lớn celebrate American history, culture, & achievement. As first lady, Jacqueline Kennedy planned important dinners & events at the White House & invited artists, writers, scientists, poets, và musicians to lớn mingle with politicians, diplomats, và statesmen. After a visit to lớn the White House nhà trắng, the world-renowned violinist Isaac Stern wrote to Mrs. Kennedy to thank her. "It would be difficult lớn tell you," he wrote, "how refreshing, how heartening it is khổng lồ find such serious attention and respect for the arts in the White House. To many of us it is one of the most exciting developments on the present American cultural scene." Mrs. Kennedy also influenced the world of fashion. Her quality và refined sense of style made her a trendsetter, although she discouraged the excessive focus on her appearance by magazines, newspapers, và the general public.

Mrs. Kennedy: Ambassador of Good Will

Mrs. Kennedy also traveled with her husband, representing the United States abroad. Clark Clifford, a respected lawyer and advisor khổng lồ President Kennedy, was so pleased with Mrs. Kennedy after her trip to lớn Paris, Vienmãng cầu, và Greece that he sent her a note of appreciation, "Once in a great while, an individual will capture the imagination of people all over the world. You have sầu done this; and what is more important, through your graciousness and tact, you have transformed this rare accomplishment into an incredibly important asset to this nation."

As first lady, Mrs. Kennedy also traveled lớn Italy, India, và Pakistan. Her interest in other cultures và her ability lớn speak several foreign languages, including French, Spanish, & Italian, brought her good will & admiration around the world.

A Time of Loss

On August 7, 1963, Mrs. Kennedy gave sầu birth khổng lồ their third child, Patriông xã Bouvier Kennedy. He suffered from a serious lung ailment và was rushed khổng lồ the Children"s Hospital in Boston, where he died two days later. While still recovering from this loss, another terrible tragedy befell her. On November 22, 1963, President & Mrs. Kennedy were in Dallas, Texas. As their oto drove sầu slowly past cheering crowds, shots rang out. President Kennedy was killed & Jacqueline Kennedy became a widow at age 34. She planned the president"s state funeral. As it was broadcast around the world, millions of people shared her grief and admired her courage and dignity.


Soon after President Kennedy’s death, Mrs. Kennedy began the work of creating the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum as a memorial lớn her husb&. She chose the architect I.M. Pei khổng lồ kiến thiết the building, which now stands as a landmark overlooking Boston Harbor.

In 1968, Jacqueline Kennedy married a Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis. When Mr. Onassis died in 1975, she became a widow a second time. Now that her children were older, Jacqueline decided lớn begin a new career. She accepted a job as an editor at Viking Press in Thủ đô New York City & later moved lớn Doubleday as a senior editor. She enjoyed a successful career in publishing until her death on May 19, 1994. Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis was laid lớn rest beside President Kennedy in Arlington National Cemetery outside Washington, DC.

The Legacy of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy

Throughout her life, Jacqueline Kennedy sought to preserve sầu & protect America’s cultural heritage. The results of her work are still visible in Lafayette Square, across from the White House nhà trắng in Washington, DC. While she was first lady, she helped khổng lồ stop the destruction of historic buildings along the square, including the Renwick Building, now part of the Smithsonian Institution. In Thành Phố New York City, she led a campaign to save và renovate Gr& Central Station. Today, more than 500,000 people pass through each day & enjoy its restored beauty, thanks lớn her efforts.

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Jacqueline Kennedy captivated the nation và the rest of the world with her intelligence, beauty, và grace. With a deep sense of devotion khổng lồ her family and country, she dedicated herself lớn raising her children & to lớn making the world a better place through art, literature, và a respect for history & public service.

Chuyên mục: Giải trí